Friday, October 07, 2005

Nobel Prize

CNN reported The U.N. nuclear watchdog and its head, Mohamed ElBaradei, won the 2005 Nobel Peace Prize on Friday for their efforts to limit the spread of atomic weapons. ElBaradei told CNN he was "overwhelmed." He said it was "a shot in the arm" for his agency and would strengthen its resolve in dealing with major issues like North Korea and Iran. The Norwegian Nobel Committee picked the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and ElBaradei, an Egyptian, from a record field of 199 candidates.

The Nobel Prize in Physics went to two Americans (Roy J. Glauber got 1/2 and John L. Hall got 1/4) and one German (Theodor W. Hänsch got 1/4). Glauber got his "for his contribution to the quantum theory of optical coherence", and Hall and Hänsch "for their contributions to the development of laser-based precision spectroscopy, including the optical frequency comb technique"

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry went to one Frenchman and two Americans: Yves Chauvin, Robert H. Grubbs, and Richard R. Schrock "for the development of the metathesis method in organic synthesis"

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine went to two Australians, Barry J. Marshall and J. Robin Warren "for their discovery of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori and its role in gastritis and peptic ulcer disease"

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