Thursday, October 13, 2005

Thursday, October 13

This Day In History

  • 1775   The Continental Congress ordered the construction of a naval fleet.
  • 1792   The cornerstone of what was termed the President’s House was laid by George Washington in Washington, DC. The name, White House, was not adopted until 1818. The house, designed by James Hoban, would be three stories tall with more than 100 rooms.
  • 1843   The Jewish organization B'nai B'rith was founded in New York City.
  • 1845   Texas ratified a state constitution.
  • 1960   Richard M. Nixon and John F. Kennedy participated in the third televised debate of the presidential campaign, with Nixon in Hollywood, Calif., and Kennedy in New York.
  • 1960   The World Series ended with a home run for the first time as Bill Mazeroski of the Pittsburgh Pirates hit one out in the ninth inning of Game 7 against the New York Yankees.
  • 1962   The play ''Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?'' by Edward Albee opened on Broadway.
  • 1974   TV host Ed Sullivan died at age 73.
  • 1981   Egyptians voted in a referendum to elect Vice President Hosni Mubarak the new president, one week after the assassination of Anwar Sadat.
  • 1998   The National Basketball Association canceled the first two weeks of its regular season because of a lockout.
  • 1999   The JonBenet Ramsey grand jury was dismissed after 13 months of work; prosecutors said there wasn't enough evidence to charge anyone in the 6-year-old's strangulation.
  • 2000   South Korean President Kim Dae-jung was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.
Happy Birthday To
  • 1754   Molly Pitcher (Mary Ludwig Hays McCauley) (American heroine: took over loading and firing cannon for her wounded husband during the Battle of Monmouth [American Revolution]; name became synonym for a heroine; died July 22, 1832)
  • 1821   Rudolf Virchow (scientist: founded cellular pathology; died Sep 5, 1902)
  • 1909   Herblock (Herbert Block) (editorial cartoonist)
  • 1915   Cornel (Cornelius Louis) Wilde (actor: A Song to Remember, Sharks’ Treasure, Norseman, Omar Khayyam, The Greatest Show on Earth, Forever Amber; died Oct 16, 1989)
  • 1925   Lenny Bruce (Leonard Alfred Schneider) (comedian; films)
  • 1925   Margaret (Hilda) Thatcher (Roberts) (‘The Iron Lady’: British leader: Prime Minister of Great Britain [1979-1990])
  • 1941   Paul Simon (songwriter, singer, musician: guitar: duo: Simon and Garfunkel: Bridge Over Troubled Water, Homeward Bound, I Am a Rock, Mrs. Robinson, Scarborough Fair, The Sounds of Silence, Cecilia; solo: Mother and Child Reunion, Me and Julio, Kodachrome, 50 Ways to Leave Your Lover, Slip Slidin’ Away; LP: Graceland; Wonderful World [w/Art Garfunkel, James Taylor]; Rock and Roll Hall of Famer; in film: Annie Hall)
  • 1959   Marie (Olive) Osmond (singer; TV host: Donny and Marie)
  • 1969   Nancy Kerrigan (Olympic ice skating medalist: [silver, 1994])

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