Tuesday, April 05, 2005

Tuesday, April 5

This Day In History

  • 1614   Pocahontas married John Rolfe.
  • 1621   The Mayflower sailed from Plymouth, Mass., on a return trip to England.
  • 1649   Elihu Yale, the English philanthropist for whom Yale University is named, was born.
  • 1792   George Washington cast the first presidential veto, rejecting a congressional measure for apportioning representatives among the states.
  • 1856   Black educator Booker T. Washington was born in Franklin County, Va.
  • 1887   Anne Sullivan makes the breakthrough to Helen Keller by spelling "water" in the manual alphabet.
  • 1895   Playwright Oscar Wilde lost his criminal libel case against the Marquess of Queensberry, who had accused the writer of homosexual practices.
  • 1923   Firestone Tire and Rubber Company of Akron, OH began the first regular production of balloon tires.
  • 1933   The first operation to remove a lung was performed -- at Barnes Hospital in St. Louis, MO.
  • 1951   Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were sentenced to death for giving away atomic secrets to the Russians.
  • 1955   Winston Churchill resigned as prime minister of Britain.
  • 1964   Army Gen. Douglas MacArthur died in Washington, D.C., at age 84.
  • 1971   Canadian Fran Phipps became the first woman to reach the North Pole.
  • 1975   Nationalist Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek died at age 87.
  • 1976   Reclusive billionaire Howard Hughes died at age 72.
  • 1984   Kareem Abdul-Jabbar became the highest-scoring player in NBA history with 31,421 career points.
  • 1985   Broadcasters banded together to play the single, "We Are the World", at 10:50 a.m. E.S.T. Stations in the United States were joined by hundreds of others around the world in a sign of unification for the African relief cause. Even Muzak made the song only the second vocal selection it has ever played in elevators and offices since its inception.
  • 1987   Fox Broadcasting Co. made its prime-time TV debut.
  • 1991   Former Texas Sen. John Tower and 22 other people were killed in a commuter plane crash near Brunswick, Ga.
  • 1992   Wal-Mart founder Sam Walton died in Little Rock, Ark., at age 74.
  • 1997   Beat poet Allen Ginsberg died in New York City at age 70.
  • 1999   Libya surrendered two suspects in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Scotland to a U.N. representative.
  • 2000   Yoshiro Mori took over as Japan's new prime minister, succeeding Keizo Obuchi, who had been felled by a stroke.
Happy Birthday To
  • 1856   Booker T. Washington (educator, black leader, author: Up from Slavery; died Nov 14, 1915)
  • 1900   Spencer (Bonaventure) Tracy (Academy Award-winning actor; passed away June 10, 1967)
  • 1916   (Eldred) Gregory Peck; died June 12, 2003)
  • 1920   Arthur Hailey (author: Airport, The Final Diagnosis)
  • 1921   Robert Q. Lewis (comedian, TV quiz show panelist: What’s My Line, To Tell the Truth, Call My Bluff; died Dec 11, 1991)
  • 1922   Gale Storm (Josephine Cottle) (singer: Ivory Tower, actress: My Little Margie)
  • 1933   Frank Gorshin (impressionist, actor: Batman, The Great Impostor)
  • 1937   Colin Powell (U.S. Secretary of State; military leader: four-star general, Chairman U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff [1989-1993])
  • 1949   Dr. Judith A. Resnik (electrical engineer, astronaut: mission specialist on the ill-fated space shuttle Challenger [died Jan 28, 1986])

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